The image of the soul structure of the human being in Rudolf Steiner’s anthroposophy, is the foundation for Goethean Psychology, so Goethean Psychology is an anthroposophical psychology,
Rudolf Steiner saw the Human “I” (from where we can say “I am”) as the spiritual component of the human being, embedded in three other bodies: an emotional (‘astral’) body, which we share with the animal world, an (‘etheric’) body of formative forces shared with the plant world, which maintains the form and life activities of the third, a material (‘physical’) body.
The “I” is not viewed as the product of human physiology, but as the spiritually active agent of our humanity, individualised and active in our thinking, feeling and our will. Thinking is not viewed as a product of the brain, rather as a spiritual activity reflected by the physical brain, as in a mirror. Together they can bring meaning to our lives on earth.
The above descriptions are very inadequate snapshots of the immensely rich and detailed picture of the human being which Steiner elaborates, in his main writings and in countless lectures.
It is the emphasis that Steiner brings to the unique spiritual identity of the “I”, embedded and active within the other three bodies, which informs Goethean psychology.
This central idea leads to its application as Goethean Psychotherapy and the healing power of the “I”.